by lenastinaandersson


A concept suggesting that a situation can be revisited. In On History Braudel argues that by approaching history from longer time frames, the long durée, the reoccurrence of events can be made visible and patterns can be revealed. Ranulph Glanville describes cybernetics to be the study of circular systems and their consequences, and design as a cyclical conversation held mostly with the self.

Braudel, Fernand, on History, 1956

Glanville, Ranulph, Try Again. Fail Again. Fail Better: The Cybernetics in Design and the Design in Cybernetics. 2007



The contradictory term of the different life cycles within buildings, as by Steward Brand suggested being related to layers of change such as stuff, space plan, services, skin, structure and site.

Brand, Steward, How Buildings Learn; What Happens After They´re Built, 1994



To become estranged, methods to extort hidden agreements and ways of luring out the unnoticed and unexpected background of everyday situations. To reveal what is considered natural or self-evident, to create awkwardness, the surrealist montage, juxtaposing everyday objects in unstable arrangements.

Garfinkel, H., Studies of the routine grounds of everyday activities, 1964



One characteristics of Micro History is the selection of the odd, unusual character, as described by Carlo Ginzburg when writing on micro history and The Cheese and the worm, a history depicting a 16th century millers thoughts and actions. Common ideas are uncovered by putting one person under the microscope, carefully examining the fragments available. The names, persons and detailed descriptions of events become important elements to vivify the story of Menocchio. Ginzburg acknowledges that “historical evidence is always lacunous, by definition” (P24) and he writes about Menocchio with the ambition to avoid filling in the gaps for the purpose of forming a polished surface. The history about Menocchio is consequently a fragment in a larger story, offering clues to a history of class in the 16th century. Ginzburg describes the individual Menocchio as a lost fragment, placed in our hands by chance, and derived from a lost world that is only accessible using a certain amount of discretion, addressing the narrative aspects of microhistory.

Ginzburg, Carlo, The Cheese and the Worms, the Cosmos of a Sixteenth Century Miller, 1976



The concept of obsolescence describes a situation where or when a thing that is functional is no longer of use. Rather than being discharged for malfunction or being worn down, obsolescence is the becoming of out-of-fashion or out of relevance. Planned obsolescence is when a limitation is designed into a thing, defining the number of uses to maintain consumption. In New York in the early 20th century the concept was introduced to architecture, increasing the speed of change and replacement of buildings.

Abrahamson, Daniel M, Obsolescence, an Architectural History, 2017

Dannoritzer, Cosima, The Light Bulb Conspiracy, Documentary, 2010



The embodied, situated perspective with the suggesting the possibility of objective vision. The partial perspective challenges relativism and totalization whaere location and embodiment is denied, promising vision from everywhere and nowhere. The partial perspective contains questions on how to see, where to see from, what limits vision, what to see for, who interprets and offers a possibility to see well.

Haraway, Donna, Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective, 1988




Architectural preservation within the field of architecture is a slippery concept, relating to the caretaking of buildings and the reuse of structures and environments.

Koolhaas, Rem, Preservation is overtaking us, 2014

Gabrielsson, Catharina, and Anstey, Tim, Alteration, Nordic #3, 2012



The concept of path dependence explains how the set of decisions one faces for any given circumstance is limited by the decisions one has made in the past, even though past circumstances may no longer be relevant, as mentioned in conversatin by Pablo Miranda Carranza and in online lecture by Etienne Turpine.



The surface of a sticky object reveals where it has travelled and what it has come into contact with, shaped by the conditions of its arrival, bringing past encounters with you when you arrive. P 40

Ahmed, Sarah, Queer Phenomenology, 2006



Reuse of fragments for constructing new architectural elements, in particular building stone for making a new construction. Traditional method.