Architecture + Philosophy research seminar, ResArc, Sweden: Dr Hélène Frichot, Critical Studies in Architecture, KTH Stockholm

Month: March, 2018


by mashahupalo

Method of speculation is a thought experiment that opens to view the complicated variables of the future urban fields, permits to imagine opportunities and come to terms with previously not experienced reality.

The true method of speculation is like the flight of an airplane. It starts from the ground of particular observation; it makes a flight in the thin air of imaginative generalization; and it again lands for renewed observation rendered acute by rational interpretation. (Whitehead, 1929, p. 5)

by mashahupalo


by mashahupalo


Masha Hupalo is trained as an architect, with degrees in Architecture from Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (MSc) and Social Design: Art as Urban Innovation from University of Applied Arts, Vienna (MA). She is a member of the Research Lab dedicated to Territories, Architecture, and Transformation in Aarhus School of Architecture (Denmark), where she is currently pursuing a doctoral degree. In her research project, she is investigating a potential of parking policies and requirements to influence urban configurations and a speculative nature of planning documentation. Besides working for three years in architecture practices in Vienna, she took part in several group exhibitions in Europe and Asia.

Parking is a rare intersection of infrastructure networks, land use in metropolitan regions and technological mobilities, which embodies mutual dependencies between these elements. In the framework of the given theme, I am exploring the potential of repetitive parking spaces to create a favourable context for the later development of the territories they serve. These nodes of stillness in mobility networks are meant to house an automobile – a symbol of freedom, movement, technological progress, and independence – that remains parked on average for 95 percent of the time. An ability to influence movement by managing stillness was the initial starting point for entering this investigative process. Through detailed case studies and speculative scenarios, I am aiming to create a “design brief” for the further development of strategic means to deal with an issue of parking as a catalyst for reshaping contemporary urban conditions.

The environment-world of my research is a virtual space of continuos negotiation between mobility and stillness, infrastructural planning and land use zoning, individual choice and collective values.

Sharing Economy

by shydes

Meelen and Frenken (2015) define the sharing economy as the interactions of people temporarily letting other people use their under-utilised resources, with or without monetary exchange. Services such as Uber or TaskRabbit thus do not qualify as part of the sharing economy according to Meelen and Frenken (2015) but should rather be considered part of the ‘on-demand economy’ or the ‘gig economy’.

– Bradley, K. & Pargman, D. (2017) “The sharing economy as the commons of the 21st century” in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society



by andreagimeno


Andrea Gimeno Sánchez

by andreagimeno


Andrea Gimeno Sánchez is an architect and a PhD Student Marie Curie Fellowship within UrbanHist (Historiography of European 20th century urbanism) H2020 Research Program in the Swedish School of Planning BTH in Karlskrona. She is member of the Research Group on Collective Housing at the Polytechnic University of Madrid where she holds a Master in Advanced Architecture. She has collaborated in different architectural offices in Madrid, China and Antwerp leading competitions and social housing projects. From 2014 to 2017 she has been teacher assistant in design studios at ETSAM and lecturer within MCH Master in Collective Housing (ETH-ETSAM). She is co-founder of Rellam, a small design cooperative founded in 2012 that operates intermittently ever since from places like Valencia, Houston, Stockholm, Madrid, or Copenhagen. Their work has been awarded in several competition prizes and was exhibited in the Spanish Pavilion at the XV Architecture Biennale in Venice, the IVAM Instituto Valenciano del Arte Moderno or DAZ Deutsches Arkitekturzentrum. Her research is still in its formative stages and consists in a critical historiography of shifting paradigms on collective housing from the 70’s to the 90’s and the neoliberal turn. It is focused on the transition of environmental concerns from radical ecology to mainstream sustainability. Nowadays she is visiting researcher at ArkDes in Stockholm.


by shydes



Sara Hyltén-Cavallius

by shydes

With less resources and more people, its urgent to find more sustainable ways of living. The research focus is on how architecture could be part of creating inclusive and sustainable housing and spaces where sharing would be heart of everyday life. Create possibilities to share knowledge, things and space.

Sara Hyltén-Cavallius is an architect, senior lecturer at Linnaeus University, PhD student and a mother. She obtained her Master of Architecture at Lund’s University 1990 and moved to Småland. Worked as a practicing architect in Växjö for 15 years before going into academia and design education at Linnaeus University. First as a course coordinator, program coordinator and then head of department. Sara is currently a PhD candidate at the Department of Architecture and the Built Environment at Lund’s University.


a glossary of people

by massimois

Alejandro Aravena

“we have never taught the right thing in architecture”


Beatriz Colomina and Mark Wigley

-Are We Human? Notes on an Archaeology of Design (2016).

“the world has developed an ability to watch everything yet do nothing.

This lack of action is also being designed. Neglect has been shaped”

(Colomina and Wigley: 2016,  84)


Elizabeth Dori Tunstall

Design Anthropology is a discipline focused on how design translates values into tangible experiences, such that it respects other ways of being in the world.

it is a methodology of respectful design. To develop design approaches based on cultural respect, not just social responsibility.


Patrik Schumacher

the Pritzker Prize has been “mutated” into a humanitarian design award, by doing so architecture loses its specific societal task and responsibility; architectural innovation is replaced by the demonstration of noble intentions and the discipline’s criteria of success and excellence dissolve in the vague do-good-feel-good pursuit of ‘social justice”.


Steven Hiller and Veronique Vienne

-Citizen Designer: Perspectives on Design Responsibility (2003), edited by Steven Heller and Veronique Vienne which focuses on the consequences of our actions.

“a designer must be professionally, culturally, and socially responsible for the impact his or her design has on citizenry”.


Becoming Citizens: Architectural Education in the North

by massimois

The PhD research investigates the current architecture education umwelt of the North: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.


As the practice of architecture evolves, so does architecture education.

Architecture, as a discipline as well as a mode of reasoning, that fundamentally responds to the needs of people and their environment is in constant evolution and re-evaluation. “Architecture encapsulates a broader set of environmentally focused questions about the value of the social and material formation of our “build” environments for all” (Rawes: 2013, 1).

The entanglement of the built environment and the anthropogenic climate collapse calls for a reflections on the education of architecture. The current complex systemic problems that humanity faces– such as global warming, poverty, inequalities, refugees’ crisis –  make us reconsider the way we produce, collaborate, and make us realize that we as citizens of this planet share social responsibilities that can no longer be an exclusive matter for our governments. New forms of cohesion have to be developed. Etienne Turpin in “Who Does the Earth Think It Is, Now?” asks: “How might architecture encounter this multi-disciplinary, multi-scalar, and multi-centered reality?”  Architecture therefore has to be part for greater social-environmental justice movement. It can do so by discovering affinities and alliances with both the science and the theoretical humanities (Etienne Turpin). Peg Rawes states that “interdisciplinary architectural, ecological and relational approaches may be even more urgently required for dealing with the complexities and creating biodiversity in our architecture and environments” (Rawes: 2013, 2). So, how can we teach that?.

The umwelt of my PhD research: Becoming Citizens: Architectural Education in the North is populated of different clouds of knowledge.


In contemporary democracies, citizens seem to be recognizing their sense of agency; as a result, they have more of a chance to have their voices heard. Citizen is a morally charged word replete with civic values, duties, responsibilities to protect the public good over mere private interests. But are these values present in the education of an architect?

A responsive type of education would be one that truly engages students with real situations and therefore

architecture education has (or should have) a responsibility to train and nurture students with a socially-minded and empathetic mindset so that they can be making ethical decisions. The word design comes from Latin designare which means to mark, to make a sign, to distinguish, in it is embedded the action of deciding. It is embedded in our profession the act of choosing, of making decisions. Understanding, and developing the role of architects to a complex social, environmental or political problem is yet a territory that needs to be investigated.

What does it mean to be an architect? What does it mean to be a citizen? And how can the two be interchangeable?

Massimo Santanicchia